Friday, July 03, 2015

Daodejing Translations: English and Spanish

A typical webpage created by Mike Garofalo for each one of the 81 Chapters of the Tao Te Ching (Daodejing) by Lao Tzu (Laozi) includes 20 different English translations or interpolations for that Chapter, 3 Spanish translations for that Chapter, the Chinese characters for that Chapter, and the Wade-Giles and Hanyu Pinyin Romanization of the Mandarin Chinese words for that Chapter.  Each webpage for one of the 81 Chapters of the Tao Te Ching includes extensive indexing by key words and terms in English, Spanish, and the Wade-Giles Romanization.  Each webpage on a Chapter of the Daodejing includes recommended reading in books and websites, a detailed bibliography, some commentary, research leads, translation sources, and other resources for that Chapter.   

Chapter and Thematic Index (Concordance) to the Tao Te Ching by Lao Tzu

English Language Daodejing Translators' Source Index

Spanish Language Daodejing Translators' Source Index

Ripening Peaches: Taoist Studies and Practices

Taoism: A Selected Reading List

One Old Daoist Druid's Final Journey  

Here is an example of some of the translations and/or interpolations for:

Tao Te Ching by Lao Tzu
Daodejing by Laozi

Chapter 8

"One of universal nature is like water;
He benefits all things
But does not contend with them. 
He unprotestingly takes the lowest position;
Thus, he is close to the universal truth.
One of universal virtue chooses to live
In a suitable environment. 
He attunes his mind to become profound.   
In his speech, he is sincere.
His rule brings about order. 
His work is efficient. 
His actions are opportune. 
One of deep virtue does not contend with people:
Thus, he is above reproach."
-  Translated by Hua-Ching Ni, 1979, Chapter 8  

"Highest good is like water.
Because water excels in benefiting the myriad creatures
    without contending with them and settles where none would like to be,
    it comes close to the way.
In a home it is the site that matters;
In quality of mind it is depth that matters;
In an ally it is benevolence that matters;
In speech it is good faith that matters;
In government it is order that matters;
In affairs it is ability that matters;
In action it is timeliness that matters.
It is because it does not contend that it is never at fault."
-  Translated by D. C. Lau, 1963, Chapter 8   

"The highest goodness, water-like,
Does good to everything and goes
Unmurmuring to places men despise;
But so, is close in nature to the Way.
If the good of the house is from land,
Or the good of the mind is depth,
Or love is the virtue of friendship,
Or honesty blesses one's talk,
Or in government, goodness is order,
Or in business, skill is admired,
Or the worth of an act lies in timing,
Then peace is the goal of the Way
By which no one ever goes astray."
-  Translated by Raymond Blackney, 1955, Chapter 8  

"Perfect excellence is like gentle water.
Gentle water benefits all things and yet it does not struggle.
Do away with what all people hate.
Thus this is approaching Dao.
Give to what is of perfect personnel.
Stay in a perfect place,
think in a perfect way,
cooperate with perfect people,
speak perfect truth,
govern in perfect order,
work for perfect potentiality,
move when the time is perfect.
Because of non-struggle, therefore, there is no blame."
-  Translated by Tang Zi-Chang, Chapter 8  

夫唯不爭, 故無尤.
-  Chinese characters, Chapter 8, Tao Te Ching

shang shan jo shui.
shui shan li wan wu erh pu chêng.
ch'u chung jên chih so wu.
ku chi yü tao.
chü shan ti hsin shan yüan.
yü shan jên.
yen shan hsin.
chêng shan chih.
shih shan nêng.
tung shan shih.
fu wei pu cheng, ku wu wu. 
-  Wade-Giles Romanization, Tao Te Ching, Chapter 8

"True goodness is like water, in that it benefits everything and harms nothing.
Like water it ever seeks the lowest place, the place that all others avoid.
It is closely kin to the Dao.  
For a dwelling it chooses the quiet meadow; for a heart the circling eddy.
In generosity it is kind,
In speech it is sincere,
In authority it is order,
In affairs it is ability,
In movement it is rhythm.
In as much as it is always peaceable it is never rebuked."
-  Translated by Dwight Goddard and Henri Borel, 1919, Chapter 8  

"The best way to life is to be like water
For water benefits all things and goes against none of them
It provides for all people and even cleanses those places a man is loath to go
In this way it is just like Tao
Live in accordance with the nature of things
Build your house on solid ground
Keep your mind still
When giving, be kind
When speaking, be truthful
When ruling, be just
When working, be one-pointed
When acting, remember ?timing is everything
One who lives in accordance with nature does not go against the way of things
He moves in harmony with the present moment always knowing the truth of just what to do"
-  Translated by Johathan Star, 2001, Chapter 8  

"La Suprema Bondad es como el agua.
El agua es buena y útil a los diez mil seres por igual.
No tiene preferencias por ninguno en especial.
Fluye en sitios que los hombres suelen rechazar,
al igual que sucede con el Tao.
Por esto, estar cerca del Tao implica que:
Al escoger tu morada,
has de saber cómo no apartarte de la tierra.
Al cultivar tu mente,
has de saber cómo bucear en las profundidades ocultas.
Al tratar con los demás,
has de saber ser amable y bondadoso.
Al hablar, has de saber medir tus palabras.
Al gobernar, has de saber cómo promover el equilibrio.
Al administrar, has de saber ser eficaz y justo.
Cuando actúes,
has de saber escoger el momento oportuno.
El Sabio que consiente en ello no rivaliza con los otros,
y Por lo tanto, no se equivoca."
-  Translation from Wikisource, 2013,
Capítulo 8 

"El mejor de los hombres es semejante al agua,
La cual beneficia a todas las cosas, sin ser contenida por ninguna,
Fluye por lugares que otros desdeñan,
Donde se acerca más deprisa al Tao.
Así, el sabio:
Donde mora, se acerca más deprisa a la tierra,
En el gobierno, se acerca más deprisa al orden,
Hablando, se acerca más deprisa a la verdad,
Haciendo tratos, se acerca más deprisa a los hombres,
Actuando, se acerca más deprisa a la oportunidad,
En el trabajo, se acerca más deprisa a lo competente,
En sentimientos, se acerca más deprisa al corazón;
No lucha, y así permanece libre de culpa."
-  Translated by Antonio Rivas Gonzálvez, 1998,
Capítulo 8

"The best are like water
bringing help to all
without competing
choosing what others avoid
hence approaching the Tao
dwelling with earth  
thinking with depth 
helping with kindness
speaking with truth 
governing with peace 
working with skill
moving with time 
and because they don't compete
they aren't maligned."
-  Translated by Bill (Red Pine) Porter, 1996, Chapter 8  

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